Impact assessment of conversion of land use structure to Viet Nam agricultural and rural development
PhD. Nguyen Thi Minh Phuong
Economics Department, Vinh University
Summary: The process of structural change of land use in Vietnam is fast, the proportion of agricultural land decreased markedly, the proportion of non-agricultural land increased. Changing the land use structure impacted on the agricultural and rural development process. In term of economic terms: The positive impact was contributing to the overall economic growth of Vietnam.
Besides above positive impacts changing structure made agricultural land square and the average agricultural land square per person decreased (0.0540 hectares per person from 2000 to 2010 was only 0.034 ha / person; incomes’ majority of people reduced, investment in agriculture was limited. On the society: positive impact to change the structure of labor and employment; rural infrastructure which was assessed is better.In term of environment: rural environment issues was more concerned, those were the positive expression, but the pollution of some heavy metals in the agricultural land, surface water samples and the overload status of garbage by restructuring land use were the negative expression.This article has analyzed the correlation between the proportion of land to be recovered with group-economic, social and environmental factors showed that X and Y had the same proportion and tight, very tight correlation in the two sub-regions with factors of income per capital; income; career change; rural infrastructure. X and Y had inversely and correlation weakly with investment in agriculture; social institutions in rural areas and rural environment was affected.
Key words: Land, agricultural, agricultural land, rural development , Vietnam
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